temperature. The reaction chamber 2 is provided in the vicinity of the inner wall surface 2a of the reaction vessel 2 with a plurality of upright screws 6 and 7 in an adjoining relationship to each other, each screw having a screw thread or a helical fin 6b, 7b of reverse turning sense with each other so that the reactor vessel contents are subjected to a convectional flow induced by the rotation of the screws in the reverse sense to each other by a gearing 14, 15. The substrate therein is subjected to a uniform agitation and to a milling and sieving actions in the portion 13 where the fins of the screws face each other, before the reaction product is removed by a screw conveyer 25.
5587304 CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF THE GENE OF THE MALOLACTIC ENZYME OF LACTOCOCCUS
Barre Pierre; Dequin Sylvie; Ansanay Virgini Saint Gely du Fesc, FRANCE Assigned to Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - I N R A PCT No. PCT/FR94/00589 Sec. 371 Date Jan. 17, 1995 Sec. 102(e) Date Jan. 17, 1995 PCT Filed May 18, 1994 PCT Pub. No. WO94/26879 PCT Pub. Date Nov. 24, 1994. An isolated nucleic acid fragment comprising a sequence of 1620 bp encoding the malolactic enzyme of Lactococcus lactis.
FERMENTATION OF MARINE BACTERIA
fermentation of marine bacteria is a promising approach for producing commercially valuable biopolymers for industrial applications.
5587320 SOLID ORGANIC WASTE PROCESSING APPARATUS Shindo Yasuhiro; Yamaguti Usaburo; loka Kazuo; Suzuki Tosio; Minagawa Akihiro; Kitabatake Syoichi Tochigi ken, JAPAN Assigned to Hitachi Ltd An apparatus for processing solid organic waste by crushing and/or agitating and fermenting the waste includes a solid organic matter processing device including a processing vessel provided with a crushing unit for receiving and crushing the solid organic waste and a processing unit for agitating and fermenting the crushed waste, a heat exchanger disposed outside the solid organic matter processing device which heat exchanger condenses vapor in a gas supplied from the processing vessel of the solid organic matter processing device to thereby change the vapor to liquid and to discharge the liquid, and gas circulation pipes for providing a gas circulation path through which the inside of the processing vessel of the solid organic matter processing device is operably connected to the heat exchanger and through which a gas in the processing vessel of the solid organic matter processing device is supplied into the heat exchanger and almost all of which gas processed in the heat exchanger is returned to the solid organic matter processing device while a portion of the gas processed in the heat exchanger or a portion of the gas supplied from the processing vessel of the solid organic matter processing device is discharged to the outside of the apparatus.
Weiner Ronald M; Manyak David M Adelphi, MD, UNITED STATES Assigned to University of Maryland We have developed methods for low-cost fermentation of marine bacteria. A cost- and performance-optimized culture medium containing liver digest and suitable salts was developed and compared to currently available culture media. Cell counts as high as 102/ml were achieved, and growth was supported for a variety of marine strains tested to date. Large scale
Smith Donald D; Cohick Christopher B; Lindsley Herbert Blue Springs, MO, UNITED STATES Assigned to University of Kansas