The Veterz"nary Joumal.
27th.-Condition of parts about the same. No apparent pain. Same treatment; 30/h.-Mass is much diminished in size and somewhat dry on surface; October I sf. --Several hard and dry portions of the strangulated bowel came away when touched. An occasional dose of linseed oil given to keep the bowels relaxed. Also suppositories, in conjunction with ointment locally. 2nd.-Several more portions, black, hard, and almost dry, came away with the fingers; 3rd.-The remaining portions, with the ligatures, came away; 5th.-External appearances perfectly normal, and when the hand is introduced only some thickening can be felt on the floor of the rectum, about four inches in. Little, if any, pain and no systemic disturbance were observed throughout, and the health and appetite remained good. 8/h.-Discharged cured. Ftbruary, 1890.-lnquiries show that the owner kept the animal for nearly three months, during which time he worked and remained well. He was then sold and lost trace of.
A NEW CHLOROFORM INHALER. BY F. RAYMOND, F.R.C.V.S. 1 ARMY VETERINARY DEPARTMENT, \VOOLWICH.
MEssRs. ARNOLD have requested me to write a few lines about a new chloroform-muzzle they have made for me, which contains some modifications upon the Carlisle bag. The old muzzle is a very good one, but having made constant use of it I found it had imperfections : Ist.-lt was too small for very big horses' heads. 2nd.-It was not air-tight at the top if used on very small horses. 3rd.-The leather blind attached to it is quite unnecessary-in fact, out of place; because the eye has to be watched during the administration of the anresthetic. 4th.-The leather button, after much use, bulges inwards and prevents the sponge-tray being pushed in smoothly. 5th.-The sponge and sponge-tray are too small for large doses, and as the sponge is soldered down it cannot be removed for cleansing. All these defects have been remedied in the new bag. I have also introduced a sliding cover to the sponge-box, and
Tht Relalio1z of Monad£na to Pern£c£ous AnaJmia. 175 slide to the muzzle, with a view to regulating the quantity to be inhaled. This will prove of service where the patient is very
nervous, as some thoroughbreds are. The slide on the sponge-tray will also prevent any chloroform from evaporating until the tray !is in s#u. THE RELATION OF MONADINA TO PERNICIOUS ANJEMIA, EQUINE AND HUMAN. BY R, W. BURKE, F.R.C .V.S. , ARMY
ATHLONE 1 IRELAND. PERNICIOUS Anremia of the horse, associated with monads, was first prominently brought before the profession by Professor Eugen Frohner, of the Berlin Veterinary University, although some other veterinary writers had preceded him on the Continent. I have recently tried to show that this disease is equally prevalent in our horses in India, and is known under · the vulgar name of surra, the pathology of which is still regarded by many as a mystery, although I have brought forward sufficient evidence to prove that it is essentially Pernicious Anremia.e With regard to the human disease·, I quote an xtract from the Brttish Medical Journal, of February 8th, I 890 : "It is statedt that Professor Klebs, of Zurich, who has made a thorough examination of the blood of many patients suffering from I~fluenza, has found in it enormous masses of flagellate
See" Tropical Diseases of the Horse," by R. W. Burke, chap. ii ., pp. 23-52.
1 Wuner Med. Zeilteng, February 4th, 1890.