Applied headspace gas chromatography

Applied headspace gas chromatography

hwtml ofChmmaragraph~,241 (1982)432-433 EJsevicrscieil~cpowng coinparly.Amstcr&mCHROM. 14,777 Lettertothe Appiied Evi&edin The NethaLmds Editor ...

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hwtml ofChmmaragraph~,241 (1982)432-433 EJsevicrscieil~cpowng coinparly.Amstcr&mCHROM.




Evi&edin The NethaLmds



gas chromatography

sir, J_ Nov.&% review of the book “Applied Headspace GQS Chromafograph_f, edited b_v B. Kolb fJ_ Chromatogr, -309 (1981) 4941included misleading remarks about a new technique for collecting headspace volatiles. This technique, which was developed by A. Rapp and W. Knipser, is discussed in Chapter 8 of the book under l-e&w_ Rapp and Knipser-s method is new only in the trapping and concentration of headspace volatiles. The method of sweeping volatiles From a sample by gas extraction, as used traditionally in headspace methods, is unaltered. Thus the reviewer’s question “One might ask why the authors did not extract the wine directly with Freon 1 l”, suggests a fundamental lack of understanding of the difference in composition of volatiles obtained by headspace analysis and by simply solvent extracting a sample. Such differences, in the specif?c case of wine volatiies, have been discussed in the literature’The method of Rapp and Knipser involves a three-phase partitioning of entrained headspace volatiles between the extractin g gas. Freon 11, and an aqueous phase_ Because of the limited solubility of ethancl in Freon 11, when partitioned against water’, most of fie unwanted ethanol =oes into the aqueous phase. But most importantly, the volatile headspaaz components are efficienrfy trapped in the Freon F11 free from water and ethanol. Rapp and Knipser have elsewhere3 discussed the precision and trapping efficiency of their technique_ The method has been used in our own laboratories for almost three years and in this time several hundred headspace analyses have been carried out Wz have abandoned older methods of concentrating headspace volatiles on porous resins and 0% says much for de Rapp and Knipser technique, since we had earlier devoted considerable time to the development of a porous resin method for our research4. Reasons for adopting the new method include: (a) simplicity of both apparatus and technique- (b) several gas chromatographic analyses of the same headspace collection can be ma&, (c) there are no problems with selectivity of porous resin adsorbents distorting the composition of collected headspace volatile!?, {d) there are no probkms wit5 artefacts &cm the decomposition of porous resins generated during thermal desorptior of [email protected] In our hands the twhnique has proved vaiuabL not only for the analysis of volatiles from wines and other alcoholic beverages but also for fruit juices and plant tissue homogenatesIt is my hope in %-riting this ti correct a wrong impression given of a liew technique and to encourage all those interested in headspace anaIysis to look again at the Rapp and Knipser method. It is the fir3 major advance in headspace trapping and concentration since Jennings et aL’ introduced the porous resin technique. in 1972. Tire ilz4stra&z13Wine lbseardz ilzstitne, Pn‘mte Mail Sag, Gien Omond, S-A_ 3064 ( Azisrrakz~


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P. 3. Williams and C. R. Strauss, 1. Inst. Brew- (London), 84 P. 3. Hudy, J. Agr. Fmd Cfrem., 17 ( i%9) 656. A. Rapp and W_ Knipser, Chromatographia 13 (1980) 698. P. J- Williams and C. R. Strauss. J_ Inst. Brew_ (London), 83 K. E- Murray. J. Chronmmgr_, 135 (1977) 49. M. J. Lewis and A. A. Williams, 1. Sci. Food Agr, 31 (1950) W. G. Jennings, R. Wohleb and M. J. Lewis. J_ Fmd Ski., 37









1017. (1972)