Behavioral Medicine: Changing Health Lifestyles

Behavioral Medicine: Changing Health Lifestyles

BOOK REVIEWS chapters that are quite valuable, particularly in that they deal with subjects that receive little consideration in the pain literature. ...

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BOOK REVIEWS chapters that are quite valuable, particularly in that they deal with subjects that receive little consideration in the pain literature. One deals with the problem of pain in children and the other with pain problems in elderly patients. The last few pages of the book are devoted to a brief review of the operation of pain clinics, which again would be of particular value to the uninitiated. In summary, this is an excellent little book covering many important aspects of chronic pain and its treatments. Contributions are generally of good quality, and it would serve as an excellent introductory text for medical and nursing students, psychologists, social workers, and others interested in becoming informed in this field. Robert H. Barnes, M.D. Phoenix, Ariz.

Behavioral Medicine: Changing Health Lifestyles Edited by Park O. Davidson and Sheena M. Davidson, New York, Brunner/Mazel, 1980,474 pp, $19.50.

• This is the tenth work in a series . of publications prompted by the Banff In terna tional Conferences on Behavioral Modification. It deals with such contemporary issues as cognition, weight loss, behavioral disorders of childhood, coping skills, nicotine addiction, holistic medicine, stress and student health, alcohol prevention and treatment, as well as coronary~prone (Type A) behavior. Each article consists of a major paper by a leading contemporary psychologist, either a theoretical paper, a review of the literature, or a report of a controlled experimen102

tal research project. All were carefully selected and are representative of the best material available in each area of behavioral medicine .covered. The emphasis is on the importance of "total lifestyle behavior." A very good attempt is made to explain behavioral intervention or treatmen t programs in terms of findings from basic research and in relation to behavioral methodology. The concepts of preventive psychiatry, including primary and secondary preventative programs, are also investigated. For example, the second article, "Coping Theory and the Teaching of Coping Skills" by Ethel Roskies and Richard S. Lazarus, is presented in a format that includes information on stress, a section entitled A Process-Oriented Model of Stress and Coping, followed by A Taxonomy of Coping, The Evaluation of Coping Adequacy, The Teaching of Coping Skills, and Building a Bridge Between Coping Theorists and Those Who Teach Coping Clinically. This is only one example of the care and attention that was devoted to editing the series of articles. The book's third selection deals with the psychology of nicotine addiction and treats smoking as a bona fide psychological addiction. Major research studies are reviewed, with 38 citations from the literature. Accompanying the descriptive literature are diagrams and tables to further elucidate the significance of the material reviewed and presented. The author's conclusions and summaries are presented in a concise fashion. This is followed by another article on smoking that attempts to explain

why people smoke in terms of current psychobiological models, and more specifically to explain the act of smoking in terms of Pavlovian and operant learning models. Both basic and applied research are reviewed in this article. The importance of this book's overall topic cannot be underestimated. Behavioral medicine has been the focus of attention for more than a decade, and its predecessors, behavior therapy, psychosomatic medicine, biofeedback technology, and a host of other treatment strategies and formulations, have been stewing in the pot for many decades. The awareness that our society contains and maintains patterns of behavior that promote unhealthy lifestyles has been amply reported in the recent clinical literature by social scientists of every orientation. Thanks to the care and refinement exercised by the authors and the editorial staff, this volume can provide the reader with an excellent introduction to the major areas or focuses in the field of behavioral medicine today. Lloyd K. Daniels, Ed.D. Central Connecticut State College New Britain

Mania: An Evolving Concept Edited by Robert Belmaker and H.M. van Praag, Jamaica, NY, SP Medical & Scientific Books, 1980, 403 pp, $35.

• This volume is a compilation of some high-quality material that provides the clinician with an excellent framework for reviewing maniC-depressive disorders, including nosologic classification, genetics, biochemistry, and factors relating to prognosis. There are chapters dealing with elements of PSYCHOSOMATICS