that on passing an electric current through the series of cells one set were positive and the other negative. Only the positive was acted upon and dissolved. After dealing with other chemical schemes, Dr. Burghardt said it was not possible to say dogmatically that any system could be universally adopted. Each district varied in its sewage, climate, position, or other conditions, all of which must be carefully considered before entering upon such a serious and expensive undertaking as the disposal and treatment of sewage. G L A N D E R S I N LONDON. A ~RGE and influential meeting o! members of the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons was recently held at the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, io, Red Lion Square, to consider the necessity of an amendment of the law relating to glanders and farcy. Mr. W. J. Mulvey, the president of the college, who presided, said that in consequence of the continued increase of glanders amongst horses in the metropolitan police district he considered it to be his duty to convene that meeting with a view of considering the best means to be adopted for its suppression. The death of several human beings from glanders, directly contracted from horses suffering from this disease, had been the means of awakening public attention to the danger which existed. As the law now stood a distinction was made between glanders and farcy, although the veterinary profession had for years pointed out that they were really one and the same disease. In the case of glanders, an inspector could, after giving 14 days' notice to the owner, order an animal to be destroyed, but in farcy he had really very little power. So long as visible ulcers existed, he could order the owner not to work the animal in the street, and there his power ended; and as soon as the external evidence o f disease had disappeared--as they would do for a time--the owner could do what he liked with the animal, work it or sell it. Generally the horse was sold, with the result that it passed into someone else's stables, and communicated the disease all round. Nearly all veterinary surgeons agreed that glanders and farcy should be scheduled as one disease ; that compulsory slaughter should be at once enforced; that a thorough disiniection of the infected stables should be carried out by inspectors appointed for the purpose, and whose whole time should be devoted to the duties of their office. As an evidence of the steady increase of glanders amongst horses, he mentioned that in I882 thirty counties infected with glanders returned 858 cases, and twenty-two counties infected with farcy returned 531 cases, making a total of 1,389 cases. In xSgx, twenty-eight counties returned i~26o cases of glanders, and thirteen counties returned I,r75
IN LONDON. of farcy, making a total of 2,435 cases, or an average of 46"8 per week. Estimating the average value of these horses at ~ i 5 each, thoy had the large sum of .~36,525 lost to the country by an absolutely preventible disease. In the four weeks ending the 27th ult., 288 cases were reported, of which 238 occurred in the metropolis. H e learnt on good authority that the Board of Agriculture had at length been aroused to the existing danger, and that at the present time an order in council was in course of being drafted somewhat on the following lines: Glanders and farcy to be scheduled and dealt with as one disease. That county councils might order the compulsory slaughter of animals affected with farcy, paying tot the latter half a fair valuation. That every veterinary surgeon should be compelled at once to report to the inspector of the local authority every case of infectious or contagious disease amongst animals that come under his notice, in respect of which report he would be paid a small fee ; failing to report any case" he would render himself liable to a prosecution. Afferi'considerable discussion, the subjoined resolutions were adopted : - - ' , ( I ) That amendment and consideration of the law relating to glanders and farcy is necessary. (2) That, in any alteration of the taw, immediate and compulsory slaughter must be applied to all cases of farcy as well as to glanders. (3) That a more systematic inspection of infected or suspected places be enforced. (4) That a staff of veterinary inspectors, directed by the Board of Agriculture, be specially appointed to affect the extirpation of glanders and fatty. (5) That compensation be paid for all horses slaughtered as farced or suspected of being farced or glandered. (6) That this meeting views with disapproval the action of the Metropolitan Drinking Fountain and Cattle Trough Association in again opening their troughs for t h e watering of horses, as such troughs are undoubtedly a great source of disseminating glanders." Copies of the resolutions were directed to be sent to the Board of Agriculture and the County Council, and a committee of five was appointed to support the resolutions by deputation to the authorities concerned. cases
AT a recent meeting of the St. Saviour's (Southwark) Guardians, Dr. Pain asked the representatives at the Asylums Board to explain how it was that children suffering from scarlet fever were left in the hospitals for six weeks, whereas, in private practice three weeks was found to be a sufficient time. We hope that Dr. Pain's remarks have been incorrectly reported. If not, and Dr. Pain has many scarlet fever patients, his practice of allowing children to go out at the end of only three weeks from the commencement of scarlet fever, is a factor which the local medical officer of health can scarcely afford ~to neglect in taking the necessary measures t o prevent the spread of disease in his district.