Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy—3rd Edition

Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy—3rd Edition

314 Book reviews/Journal of Clinical Imaging 28 (2004) 313–315 10 subheadings, which include pathoanatomic terms, concepts, and diagnostic imaging s...

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314

Book reviews/Journal of Clinical Imaging 28 (2004) 313–315

10 subheadings, which include pathoanatomic terms, concepts, and diagnostic imaging studies. The second section, ‘‘Case Studies,’’ consists of 78 case studies: 63 of which are of disc pathology and 9 are of spinal stenosis. Each case follows an outline of ‘‘Clinical Presentation,’’ ‘‘MRI,’’ ‘‘Treatment Rendered,’’ ‘‘Clinical Course,’’ ‘‘Operative Findings,’’ and ‘‘Comments.’’ Text: The first section gives a good explanation of terms used and the differences between their use in the United States and Europe. The subsections devoted to the classification of lumbar motion segments, variations on the number of vertebrae, and nerve root syndromes are clear and very well presented. The short texts of the cases in the second section are clear and to the point. Images/legends: Of the 467 total illustrations, the vast majority are high-quality MR images of mainly T1 and T2 sequences with easily discernable abnormalities. The legends, which are only needed in the first section, are clear and concise. References: There are references only in the first section but all are up-to-date and reasonably extensive. Occasionally, the numbers in the text do not correspond with their citations. Use: This book is highly recommended for residents, neuroscience fellows, and those interested in disc protrusion and extrusion. Comment: This book is truly a ‘‘teaching atlas.’’ Once you have read it, you know almost all you ever need to know about disc protrusion and extrusion and it is unlikely you would ever need to refer to it again. How many times do you need to see a descending herniation? Given that 80% of the case studies are of disc protrusions and extrusions, this book should be subtitled ‘‘Almost All of Disc Protrusions and Extrusions You Will Ever See.’’ This comprehensive compilation comes at the expense of inclusion of other relevant information. There are no examples of discitis, spondylolysis, abscess, and osteomyelitis. Nor is there the depiction of the normal shape of discs relative to age, e.g., teenagers’ discs are normally convex and appear as if they are bulging/protruding. L.A. Saint-Louis, MD doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2004.04.021

Doppler Ultrasound in Gynecology and Obstetrics Christof Sohn, Hans-Joachim Voigt, Klaus Vetter, Eds., Stuttgart-New York. Thieme 2004, 237 pages, 466 illustrations, USA $109.00. This is the English translation of a book originally published in Germany in 1999, which met with great success due to the experience and competence of its authors and the remarkable manner by which the different subjects were presented. This edition, of 237 pages, deals mainly with obstetrics, while gynecology and mammary pathology represent grossly

only 5% of the book, and of the 466 illustrations about half are in color. The book is subdivided into three great chapters: The first is a guide on the physical and technical fundamentals of ultrasound and Doppler ultrasound (DU) in obstetrics. The clarity of the text and of the schemas allows a beginner to rapidly understand the technique and how to apply it. For those who are already familiar with the procedure, there are numerous teaching points that will complete their knowledge on the use of DU in the study of obstetrics. The second chapter is dedicated to the application of DU in obstetrics and is subdivided into seven sections: ectopic pregnancy; use of Doppler during pregnancy; screening atrisk populations; diagnosis of preeclampsia, eclampsia and HELLP syndrome; evaluation of fetal anomalies; multiple pregnancies; fetal anemia; and umbilical cord complications. Notwithstanding a certain prolixity, all the information given is relevant and important and accompanied by numerous and demonstrative images. The third chapter is subdivided into eight sections and deals with advanced topics in obstetrics and gynecological DU: cardiotocogram; DU findings in the near term; diagnostic and clinical significance of DU in obstetrics; DU of the fetal venous circulation; and seven cases illustrating the use of DU in obstetrics. In the last three sections, briefly discussed are the following: DU in gynecology; diagnosis of the uterine tube by transvaginal sonography; and diagnostic sonography of blood flow in breast tumors. Regrettably, the authors did not take advantage of this English edition to bring up to date their remarkable earlier book of 1999. All the references are prior to that date, and unfortunately the value of this good book is diminished by the absence of the bibliography on Doppler ultrasonography, which has appeared in the last 5 years. Jean-Noe¨l Bruneton, MD doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2004.04.019

Imaging Atlas of Human Anatomy—3rd Edition Jamie Weir, Peter H. Abrams, Philadelphia, PA: Mosby, an imprint of Elsevier Science 2003, 222 pages, 755 illustrations, USA $39.95. The first edition of this book appeared in 1992 and is now in its third edition, demonstrating its endurance and the appreciation of its readers. It is a book of normal human anatomy where, in lieu of the usual anatomical tables, drawings, and representations of dissected organs, radiological images obtained by different techniques, from the conventional to MR imaging, are used to demonstrate the various anatomical segments and organs. Each anatomical structure is shown by the procedure particularly indicated for its evaluation, and many organs are illustrated more than once, adopting each time the radiological procedure, which better allows the study of their individual components. In

Book reviews/Journal of Clinical Imaging 28 (2004) 313–315

the preface, the authors correctly state that in the last 30,000 years, human anatomy has not changed, what have greatly evolved are the methods on how to investigate and represent it. Therefore, the particular scope of this book necessarily required a frequent reevaluation of many images every time further improvement was brought to conventional techniques and new procedures were developed, such as CT, US, and MRI, all factors that resulted in a more precise evaluation of the finest details of the human anatomy. This atlas, which is constituted only by illustrations, practically all perfect images, is recommended to the residents in radiology for its completeness, for its easiness of consultation, and specifically for its great didactic value in pointing out—if it were necessary—that the discerning of a pathologic process is based only on the cognition of the normal anatomic findings. Medical students, during their formative years, and senior members of the medical profession would also find the book a valuable vade mecum to have in hand. Furthermore, the merit of the authors is in having chosen from the first edition illustrations of high quality and of having added in each edition new images, also very clear and demonstrative, obtained by recent imaging techniques. Finally, it should be pointed out that the value of this Atlas is far superior to its price. Sandro Morassut, MD doi:10.1016/j.clinimag.2004.04.022

Radiology of the Skeletal Trauma, 3rd edition Lee F. Rogers, Ed., Philadelphia, PA: Churchill Livingstone 2002, Vol. 1, 592 pages, 531 illustrations, Vol. 2, 813 pages, 931 illustrations. This is the third edition of the well-known instructional book by Lee F. Rogers. The two-volume set is divided into 24 separate chapters in which are reviewed the axial and peripheral skeleton. The first chapter deals with the general anatomy of the skeleton, while in the second a detailed evaluation of the skeletal biomechanics and the role of ‘‘forces’’ in skeletal trauma is presented. In the third and fourth chapters, the epidemiology of fractures, as well as the subject of osteoporosis as related to trauma and the various available

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imaging techniques for the diagnosis of a fracture are comprehensively discussed. The fifth chapter is dedicated to a review of skeletal trauma in children, and the sixth deals with the multiple-injured patient. Chapters 7 to 9 deal with the various treatments to be applied to the different classes of fracture as well as the healing process, and the possible complications associated with fractures. In Chapters 10 to 24 the different types of traumas involving the axial the axial and peripheral skeleton are thoroughly discussed. The traumas involving the components of the axial skeleton (skull; face; cervical; thoracic, lumbar spine, and thoracic cage) are discussed in separate chapters. The components of the peripheral are organized in different chapters centering on the major joints. These 15 chapters are set up basically the same way. Each chapter begins with the description of the radiographic anatomy of the region under investigation, followed by a review of the statistical frequency of injuries involving the particular region and by an analysis of the mechanism: trauma and consequent type of injury. The discussion of radiographic findings having therapeutic and prognostic implications is clear and informative. The role of other imaging techniques, skeletal scintigraphy, CT and MRI in specific general injuries is illustrated following the description and discussion of the findings demonstrated by standard radiographic techniques. The book is focused mainly on the bony skeleton; therefore, while the role of imaging in the assessment of acute skeletal injury is emphasized, no attempt is made to discuss the acute and chronic injuries occurring in the ligaments, tendons, menisci and joint capsules. The book is well organized, the topics discussed are presented in a lucid and instructive manner, and appreciated is the comprehensible indexing of the material presented. The illustrations, generally of excellent quality, are numerous and appropriate, and their annotations, although concise, are comprehensive. The intended audience of this text book is the radiologist, the orthopedist and other physicians who are involved in the imaging of skeletal trauma, particularly those who work in a trauma setting. Maria Cova, MD doi:10.1016/S0899-7071(04)00009-9