FOCUS produce more biodiesel. With the recycled methanol, biodiesel production could be augmented by up to 10%. Original Source: Chemistry and Industry (London), Oct 2015, 79 (10), 14 (Website: http://www.soci.org/) © Society of Chemical Industry 2015.
Nanoscale titania takes scientists closer to sustainable hydrogen production Scientists have utilized nano-scale (15-50 nm) titania as photocatalyst to enhance the electrolytic production of hydrogen from biomass-derived compounds. The study was a ﬁve-year partnership of Drexel University, Germany's Leibniz Institute for Catalysis, Italy's University of Trieste, Stanford University, Spain's University of Cadiz and University of Pennsylvania. Original Source: Chemical Weekly, 12 Apr 2016, 180-181 (Website: http://www.chemicalweekly.com) © Sevak Publications & Chemical Weekly Database P Ltd 2016.
All powered up: UCI chemists create battery technology with off-thecharts charging capacity University of California, Irvine researchers have invented nanowire-based battery material that can be recharged hundreds of thousands of times, moving us closer to a battery that would never require replacement. The breakthrough work could lead to commercial batteries with greatly lengthened lifespans for computers, smartphones, appliances, cars and spacecraft. Original Spurce: Nanotechnology Now, 21 Apr 2016, (Website: http://www.nanotech-now.com/) © 7th Wave Inc 2016.
C ATA LY S T S
very mild conditions. The catalysts described in this patent are environmentally friendly, easy to separate and to recover, and can be reused in subsequent reactions.
Catalytic conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural This patent describes catalysts and catalytic processes for efﬁcient conversion of carbohydrates into 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF). These catalysts exhibit good activity and high selectivity for HMF preparation from saccharides. The catalysts are stable in aqueous systems, which make them very attractive for HMF production. High HMF yield was obtained even under
Original Source: Membrane Technology, Apr 2016, 12-13 (Website: http://www.membrane-technology. com) © Elsevier Ltd 2016.
US 9,327,271, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian, Liaoning, CN, 3 MAY 2016.
Catalytic oxidation of dimethyl ether
BOOKSHELF Nanocatalysis in Ionic Liquids
Dimethyl ether (DME) has been studied for a decade as a fuel for portable fuel cell power sources. A composition for oxidizing dimethyl ether includes an alloy supported on carbon, the alloy being of platinum, ruthenium, and palladium. A process for oxidizing dimethyl ether involves exposing dimethyl ether to a carbon-supported alloy of platinum, ruthenium, and palladium under conditions sufﬁcient to electrochemically oxidize the dimethyl ether.
This is the ﬁrst text to review the state-ofthe-art of nanocatalysis in ionic liquids. The ﬁrst half of the book describes the different classes of metal nanoparticles as well as their synthesis in ionic liquids. The second half focuses on such emerging issues as the application of such systems to energy and biomass conversion and gas-to-liquid / liquid-to-gas processes.
US 9,334,575, Los Alamos National Security, LLC Los Alamos NM USA, 10 MAY 2016.
Enantioselection in Asymmetric Catalysis
Zinc containing methane aromatization catalyst, method of making a method of using the catalyst This patent describes a catalyst for converting methane to aromatic hydrocarbons. The catalyst comprises an active metal or a compound, zinc or a zinc compound, and an inorganic oxide support where the active metal is added to the support as a metal oxalate. Methods for preparing the catalyst and methods for using the catalyst are also described. US 9,339,802, Shell Oil Company, Houston, TX USA, 17 MAY 2016.
reaction happening together with the faradaic reaction.
Method for converting methane to methanol at low temperatures Gas Technology Institute in the US has been granted Patent No WO/2015/ 069352 (Publication date: 14 May 2015) For a low temperature methane-tomethanol conversion process. The method uses a reactor containing cathode, anode, a membrane separator between the cathode and anode, a hydrogen-recovery catalyst at the cathode, and a metal oxide catalyst at the anode. It can transform methane to methanol at a rate beyond the theoretical faradaic rate through the electrochemical
M. H. G. Prechtl (ed), 1st edn, 2016, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, ISBN-13: 978-3527339105, 326 pp.
This book focuses on the mechanism of enantioselectivity in asymmetric catalysis, rather than asymmetric catalysis from the synthetic view. It reviews experimentally and computationally supported mechanisms, and highlights the pitfalls of pursuing so-called "plausible'' or "accepted'' mechanisms that often lead to wrong conclusions. It examines in detail the physico-chemical aspects of enantioselective catalysis and draws parallels to enzymatic catalysis in biochemistry. I. Gridnev and P. A. Dub, 1st edn, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, ISBN-13: 978-1498726542, 272 pp.
Deactivation of Heavy Oil Hydroprocessing Catalysts This text provides a rigorous examination of the physical and chemical properties of heavy oils and hydroprocessing catalysts; the mechanisms of ﬁxed-bed, and slurry hydroprocessing catalyst deactivation; hydroprocessing catalyst characterization using a variety of techniques and reaction conditions; and laboratory and commercial information for model validations. The author outlines how to develop correlations and models for a variety of reaction scales and provides step-by-step descriptions and detailed experimental data. J. Ancheyta, 1st edn, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, ISBN-13: 978-1118769843, 352 pp.