Philips scientific & analytical equipment

Philips scientific & analytical equipment

TREE vol. 2, no. 9, September 1987 PHI LIPS SCIENTIFIC & ANALYTICAL EQUIPMENT INFRAREDSPECTROPHOTOMETERS Deliberate sprllages of oil from tankers po...

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TREE vol. 2, no. 9, September


PHI LIPS SCIENTIFIC & ANALYTICAL EQUIPMENT INFRAREDSPECTROPHOTOMETERS Deliberate sprllages of oil from tankers pose a threat to manne life, and can destroy the spawning grounds of many fish. Tracking down those responsible is not an easy task, but with the aId of infrared spectroscopy the culprits can often be brought to book. Since crude 011sfrom around the world vary in their chemical cornposItIon, they can be distinguished by their spectra. In the case of a mystery oil spillage, allegations can be made when the spectra of samples from the slick and suspected source match. Cambridge-based Philips AnalytIcal has recently introduced two ranges of Infrared spectrophotometers with a number of advantages for the environmental detective.

With the Philips PU9550 Series, spectra can be stored on floppy disk. This enables on-screen compansons to be made between the fingerprints of known and unknown substances. Both Philips PU9550 and PU9700 Series can offer the capabllity of spectral subtraction, which is particularly useful when samples for analysis have to be collected on materials which themselves have an infrared fingerprint. Subtraction of the spectrum of the collector (usually an air filter) from the composrte leaves a spectrum particular to the substance In question. Using infrared spectroscopy, scientists can study pollution of land and air as well as sea. Applications range from the determination of herbicides and pesticides in foodstuffs to the monitoring of noxious gases In exhaust fumes. Miners and steelworkers are only too aware of the dangers of asbestos and silica dust. Infrared analysis IS equally applicable to heavy industry, where It IS used to test for hazardous airborne particles.

For further information, circle no 39 on the advertising enquiry form.

BooksReceived Review copies of the following


have been received. Books which have been reviewed in Trends in Ecology and Evolution are not included. The appearance of a book in the list does not preclude the possibility of it being reviewed in the future.

The M. Cole Monica Biogeography and Geobotany 1986. f46.00/$79.50 Press, pages) ISBN 0 12 179520 9

Savannas: Academic (xvii+438

Paul Colinvaux Ecology John Wiley & Sons, 1986. f33.70 (ix+725 pages) ISBN 0 471 16502 6

Robert Bakker The Dinosaur Heresies: A Revolutionary View of Dinosaurs LongW. Danthanarayana ted.1 Insect Flight: man Scientific & Technical, 1986. f14.95 Dispersal and Migration Springer-Verlag, (9+481 pages) ISBN 0 582 00420 9 1986. DM 144 (viii+289 pages) ISBN 3540165029 P.P.G. Bateson and Peter H. Klopfer (eds) Perspectives in Ethology, Vol 7: AlternaStephen D. Davis et al. Plants in Danger: tives Plenum Press, 1987. $42.50 (xv+281 What Do We Know? International Union pages) ISBN 0 306 42429 0 for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1986. fl5/$21 pbk (xiv+461 S. Blackmore and I.K. Ferguson (eds) Polpages) ISBN 2 88032 707 5 /en and Spores: Form and Function Academic Press, 1986. f60.00/$92.50 Eric Delson (ed.) Ancestors: The Hard (xvi+443 pages) ISBN 0 12 103460 7 Evidence Alan R. Liss, 1985. f38 (xii+366 pages) ISBN 0 8451 0249 4 Douglas H. Boucher fed.1 The Biology of Mutualism: Ecology and Evolution Lee C. Drickamer and Stephen H. Vessey Croom Helm, 1985. f37.50 (x+388 pages) Animal Behavior: Concepts, Processes ISBN 0 7099 3238 3 and Methods (2nd edn) Prindle, Weber 81 pages) Schmidt, 1986. f15.50(xvii+619 A.D. Bradshaw, D.A. Goode and E.H.P. ISBN 0 87150 919 9 Thorp teds) Ecology and Design in Landscape (24th Symposium of the British F.R. Engelhardt (ed.) Petroleum Effects in Ecological Society) Blackwell Scientific the Arc& Environment Elsevier Applied Publications, 1986. f45 (x+463 pages) Science Publishers. 1985. f45 (xiv+281 ISBN 0 632 01408 3 pages) ISBN 0 85334 356 X Robert N. Brandon and Richard M. Burian (eds) Genes, Organisms, Populations: Controversies over the Units of Selection MIT Press, 1984. f10.95 pbk (xiv+329 pages) ISBN 0 262 02205 2 K. Van Cleve, F.S. Chapin Ill, P.W. Flanagan, L.A. Viereck and C.T. Dyrness feds) Forest Ecosystems in the Alaskan Taiga: A Synthesis of Structure and Function (Ecological Studies 57) Springer-Verlag, 1986. DM 128 (x+230 pages) ISBN 3540962514

V. FOB, E.A. Emmett, M. Maroni and A. Colombi teds) Occupational and Environmental Chemical Hazards: Cellular and Biochemical Indices for Monitoring Toxicity Ellis Horwood, 1987. f59.50 (5+558 pages) ISBN 0 7458 0088 2 Henry Gershowitz, Donald L. Rucknagel and Richard E. Tashian (eds) Evolurionary Perspectives and the New Genetics (Progress in Clinical and Biological Research Vol. 278) Alan R. Liss, 1986. f26 (xii+192 pages) ISBN 0 8451 5068 5

Adrian Gibbs and Roger Meischke teds) Pests and Parasites as Migrants Cambridge University Press, 1985. f22.50/ ISBN $39.50 (xiii+192 pages) 0 521 30163 7 Thomas J. Givnish (ed.) On the Economy of Plant Form and Function Cambridge University Press, 1986. f55.00/$84.50 (xviii717 pages) ISBN 0 521 26296 8 Jane Goodall The Chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of Behavior Harvard University Press, 1986. $30 (I +673 pages) ISBN 0 674 11649 6 L.R. Heaney and B.D. Patterson (eds) /s/and Biogeography of Mammals Academic Press, 1986. fl2.50/$20pbk (iii+271 pages) ISBN 0 12 335735 7 Max K. Hecht, Bruce Wallace and Ghillean T. Prance teds) Evolutionarv Bioloov (Vol. 21) Plenum Press, 1987. $69.50 (%434 pages) ISBN 0 306 42457 6 R.A. Herbert and G.A. Codd (eds) Microbes in Extreme Environments Academic Press, 1986. (v+329 pages) f19.50/$35.00pbk, f41.00/$74.00hbk ISBN 0 12 341460 1 Roger N. Hughes A Functional Biology of Marine Gastropods Croom Helm, 1986. f25 (I+245 pages) ISBN 0 7099 3746 6 Jiro Kikkawa and Derek J. Anderson teds) Communiry Ecology: Pattern and Process Blackwell %cienti& Publications, 1986. f39.50 hbk, f19.80 pbk (xi+432 pages) ISBN 0 86793 264 3 [email protected] Kristiansen and Robert A. Andersen (eds) Chrysophytes: Aspects and Problems Cambridge University Press, 1986. f37.50/$52.50 (xiv+337 pages) ISBN 0 521 32090 9