Remote sensing and geographical information systems in epidemiology

Remote sensing and geographical information systems in epidemiology

158 Y. cystswithin hydatid cysts of Echinococcusgranulosus. Annals of Troaical Medicine.and Parasiwlow. 82. 405-406. Romig, T., Zeyhle, E., Macphers...

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cystswithin hydatid cysts of Echinococcusgranulosus. Annals of Troaical Medicine.and Parasiwlow. 82. 405-406. Romig, T., Zeyhle, E., Macphersol;C. ‘N., Rees, P. H. &Were, J. B. (1986). Cyst growth and spontaneous cure in hydatid disease [Letter]. Lancer, 1,86 1. Salama. H., Farid Abdel-Wahab. M. & Strickland. G. T. (1995). fiiagnosis and treatment of hepatic hydatid cysts with the aid of echo-guided percutaneous cyst puncture. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 21, 1372-1376. Saremi, F. 8r McNamara, T. 0. (1995). Hydatid cysts of the liver: long-term results of percutaneous treatment using a cutting instrument. American Journal of Roentgenologv, 165, 1163-1167. Shambesh, M. A., Craig, P. S., Macpherson, C. N. L., Rogan, M. T., Gusbi, A. M. & Echtuish, E. F. (1999). An extensive ultrasound and serologic study to investigate the prevalence of human cystic echinococcosis in northern Libya. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60,462-468.

Wen, H. St Craig, I’. S. (1994). Immunoglobulin G subclass responses in human cystic and alveolar echinococcosis. American 7oumal of Trobical Medicine and Hvaiene, 51._ _741-748.-

1 Book Review


Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Svstems in EDidemioloPv. S. I. Hav. S. E. Randolnh &“D. J. Rogers ieditors). L&don: Academic Press, 2060. 357~~. Price E93.95 ISBN o-12-031747-8 (hardback), price E46.95 ISBN o-12-333560-4 (paperback). This book is the second of the occasional special volumes of Advances in Parasitology and has primary focus upon the methods of acquisition, techniques of interpretation and use of remote-sensing (RS) data to study vector-borne diseases. The appearance of this volume is timely, reflecting the current growing interest of many parasitologists in the use of these powerful and fascinating tools. The book is available in both hardback and paperback formats, the latter certainly more affordable but a little over-priced for its targeted audience, post-graduate level and above. The book is produced to the high standard associated with Advances and thoughtfully illustrated, including 18 colour plates. The past 20 years have seen many changes in RS. There is new computer hardware, better geographic information systems (GIS) software and greater scrutiny of the Earth from an ever-increasing number of orbiting satellites with a variety of onboard sensors. Indeed it has become a fast-moving arena of research spanning both physical and biological sciences. To the non-specialist, all this information can be a little bewildering to assemble and digest but this book provides a good tour through it. The 3 guest editors have organized the papers, each with



Wen, H. & Yang, W. G. (1997). Public health importance of cystic echinococcosis in China. Acta Tropica, 67, 133- 145. WHO Informal Working Group on Echinococcosis (1996). Guidelines for treatment of cystic and alveolar echinococcosis in humans. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 74, Xu, L., Jiang, Z., Yu, S., Xu, S., Chang, J., Wu, Z., Xu, J., Zhang, X., Chen, Z. & Zhana, B. (1995). Characteristics and recent-trends in -endemicity-of human’ parasitic diseases in China. Chung Kuo Chi Sheng Chung Hsueh Yu Chi Sheng ChungFing Tsa Chih, 13,214-217. Yao, I’. L. (1983). Liver alveolar hydatidosis in the Xinjiang autonomous region. WorMJournal of Surgery, 7, 5 1l-5 18. Yu, S. H., Xu, L. Q., Jiang, Z. X., Xu, J., Zhang, X., Chen, Z. & Zhang, B. (1994). Report on the first nationwide survey of the distribution of human parasites in China 1. Regional distribution of parasite species. Chung Kuo Chi Sheng Chung Hsueh Yu Chi Sheng Chung ping Tsa Chih, 12,24 l-247. Received 16 Februa y 2000; revised 27June for publication 2 August 2000

2000; accepted

a comprehensive reference list, in this volume into 10 chapters that originate from over 20 contributors. The first 3 chapters provide a sound overview of principles and limitations of RS data acquisition, interpretation of RS data for land cover inference and commonly used spatial statistics and multivariate models in map projections. The collation of reference website addresses is particularly useful. The next 4 chapters assess progress of recent work on African trypanosomiasis, malaria, tick-borne diseases and human helminths. The caveat that ‘all models are wrong, but some are useful’ is sensibly applied throughout but it is astounding how RS and GIS provide greater insight into disease transmission, despite the often lack of coincident data. Similarly, the theme that RS does not intend to supplant other data sources is echoed; on the contrary, RS and GIS can revitalize existing disease data and emphasize the collection of more. The following 2 chapters look towards the future. Areas of further research are identified and disease-forecasting models are placed within the context of public health. The final chapter discusses the outreach, affordability and technology transfer of RS to countries of the developing world. A better forum between biological and physical scientists is a good thing. This seminal book goes some way to bridging the divide. J. R. Stothard Wolfon Wellcome Biomedical Laboratories Department of Zoology The Natural Histoy Museum London S W7 5BD, UK