NEWS / IN BRIEF emissions HyBat trucks, utilising fuel cells coupled with an electric rear axle drive. To this end, a conversion concept was developed for zero-emissions heavy road freight transport. The modular conversion to hydrogen operation takes place after dismantling the diesel and auxiliary units of the semi-trailer truck, and shipping the old parts to outsourcing partners. This conversion can also be conducted by certified cooperation partners, which will facilitate handling larger volumes in the future. The first HyBat trucks will achieve a range of 400–500 km (250–310 miles), based on hydrogen tanks with a total capacity of 45 kg, using H35 (350 bar) technology. Later, depending on the chosen configuration and other customer requirements, the series production vehicles will be able to achieve a significantly higher range. Each truck also incorporates a battery system that ensures a range of over 100 km (60 miles) on its own. Clean Logistics also plans a proprietary, taxfree and independent supply of hydrogen from wind energy. After 2020, thousands of older wind turbines will no longer be eligible for the ErneuerbareEnergien-Gesetz (EEG) subsidy, which in northern Germany alone could mean 1500– 2500 plants available for hydrogen production. The wind turbines would be disconnected from the grid, and a PEM electrolyser plant and battery system installed. Wind power would be used to generate hydrogen, which is fed to tank trailers and transported to the nearest depot. HyBat trucks would then be refueled with hydrogen via a mobile refueling facility.
S, a range-extender designed around a 5 kW hydrogen fuel cell. In combination with a 33 kWh battery, its all-season capabilities give an expected range of 370 km (230 miles) for the Kangoo ZE Hydrogen and 350 km (220 miles) for the Master ZE Hydrogen, with refueling taking only 5–10 min. In the Kangoo ZE Hydrogen, the integration architecture maintains a loading volume of 3.9 m3 (and the capacity of a traditional pallet), while adding just 110 kg to the overall weight. In the Master ZE Hydrogen, integration under the bonnet and floor maintains the current loading volume (10.8–13 m3), while adding 200 kg to its weight. The Kangoo ZE Hydrogen will be available in France at E48 300 (US$53 400), including battery purchase but excluding sales tax and environmental subsidies. Symbio – a subsidiary of Michelin, and at the heart of a joint venture with Faurecia [FCB, March 2019, p1] – has been developing hydrogen technology with Renault since 2014 [November 2014, p4]. The company aims to reach production levels of 200 000 StackPacks per annum by 2030 [October 2019, p12].
Clean Logistics: www.cleanlogistics.de
Renault electric utility vehicles to come with Symbio range-extender
rench automaker Renault will officially launch the Kangoo ZE Hydrogen small van by the end of 2019, and the larger Master ZE Hydrogen by summer 2020. Both of these zero-emission, battery electric, light commercial vehicles will feature a 10 kW hydrogen PEM fuel cell rangeextender supplied by Symbio. The use of a fuel cell range-extender in a battery electric vehicle allows fleet managers to optimise operations and manage their total cost of ownership (TCO). The vehicles are equipped with a system based on the Symbio StackPack
Symbio: www.symbio.one/en Renault, Drive the Future: https://group.renault.com/ en/our-company/drive-the-future
NCMS funds project to integrate fuel cell into Nikola Reckless EV n the US, the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS) has awarded project funding to a team from Nikola Powersports and Pratt & Miller Engineering, to integrate a hydrogen fuel cell into the Nikola Reckless battery electric military off-road vehicle in order to test and validate performance and efficiency. The funding is through the US Department of Defense (DoD) Commercial Technologies for Maintenance Activities (CTMA) cooperative agreement. Nikola will receive $1 million of the $4.35 million project funding, and work directly with the project partners to allocate the remaining funds. The research project began in early October, and is expected to be complete by the end of May 2020. The Reckless OHV (off-highway vehicle) is an electric vehicle that can accelerate from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in just over 3 s. The vehicle has a modular capability that can plugand-play with a remote weapons station and military drones.
IN BRIEF Mitsubishi Fuso unveils Vision F-Cell concept fuel cell truck at Tokyo Show Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and Bus Corporation (MFTBC, www.mitsubishi-fuso.com/content/ fuso/en/index.html) in Japan premiered its Vision F-Cell concept fuel cell powered light-duty truck at the recent 46th Tokyo Motor Show 2019. The Vision F-Cell concept electric truck uses fuel cell power as one option to extend the range of an electric vehicle. Fuso – part of Daimler Trucks Asia (www.daimler. com/company/business-units/daimler-trucks) – was the first brand to launch an all-electric truck in small series production in 2017, the eCanter. More than 140 eCanter trucks have already been delivered to customers in Japan, Europe, and the US. The company will use the Vision F-Cell, a fully drivable concept model, to explore the benefits of fuel cell technology for use in its vehicles. The truck, with a gross vehicle weight of 7.5 tonnes, is powered by a 75 kW fuel cell plus 135 kW from three high-voltage batteries. The vehicle’s energy storage capacity comprises 13.8–40 kWh in the high-voltage batteries and 5–10 kg of hydrogen, stored at 700 bar (70 MPa) in three or four tanks, giving an estimated range of 270–300 km (170–190 miles). Hydrogen, fuel cell coalition for Midwest In the US, the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory (www.anl.gov/ cse) in Illinois and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign – through its Grainger College of Engineering (https://grainger. illinois.edu) – are establishing the Midwest Hydrogen and Fuel Cell Coalition, to raise awareness of the potential for hydrogen and fuel cells to provide energy resilience and security, reduce emissions, and foster economic growth in the region. The coalition aims to encourage communication and collaboration among members of the hydrogen and fuel cell R&D community, to facilitate more technology demonstrations and accelerate adoption. The Midwestern states of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North and South Dakota, Ohio and Wisconsin are home to a quarter of the US population, and consume 30% of electric power generated in the US. Hydrogen can be used as an effective storage medium to increase utilisation of the region’s extensive renewable energy resources – currently mainly wind energy (35% of US installed wind capacity), with solar expanding rapidly. The Midwest also has a large nuclear energy component to its electric power grid, and hydrogen production from electrolysis using nuclear electricity at times of low power demand can help to improve the economics of the existing power stations.
Fuel Cells Bulletin