Sulla possibilità di rendere più sensibile la diagnosi di tubercolosi colla inoculazione in cavia

Sulla possibilità di rendere più sensibile la diagnosi di tubercolosi colla inoculazione in cavia

:February, 1934] CLINIOAh ]~ATHOnOGY of the infection by the monoeyte and the neutrophile counts and the powers of resistt~nce of the body tissues b...

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:February, 1934]

CLINIOAh ]~ATHOnOGY

of the infection by the monoeyte and the neutrophile counts and the powers of resistt~nce of the body tissues by the lymphocyte and the monocyte counts. L.ater, it assists him materially in ascertaining when Fathological activity has completely ceased. 'RUSSO, P. La lipemia nella tubereolosi pblmonare. Riv. di Patol. e Clin. della Tubercolosi: 1933, 7, 273. The writer who records 9,3 illustrative cases comes to the following conclusions: (1) Changes occur in al| the lipoids of the blood in pulmonary tuberculosis; (2) in some cases tim amount of cholesterin is diminished, while in patients with inextensive lesions and only slight toxic symptoms i~ oscillates within normal limits, and in some cases of fibrosis tends to exceed the normal; (3) the behaviour of the neutral fats is not constant. In most cases it is normal or above the normal. Their value is not related to that of eholesterin nor to the patient's local or general condition ; (4) with some exceptions the fatty acids and phosphates are increased. RossETTI, C. Rieerche sulla baeillemia tuberoolare con la metodica di L~hwenstein. Gior. d i Batteriol. e Ira. mmzol., 1933, 1t, 209. The author used Lhwenstein's method of discovering tubercle bacilli in the blood in 47 cases of different forms of tuberculosis and in seven eases of acute articular rheumatism. With the ex. ception of one case of miliary tuberculosis in which tubercle bacilli were found in the blood, the results were negative in every case. MUSSA, :B. La plasma-fosfatosi nei bambini con manifestazioni tubercolari. Gior. dl B a t t e r i o l e I m m u n o l . , 1933, t l , 321. From examination of t e n c h i l d r e n , four of whom were normal and six were suffering from various forms of tuberculosis, the writer found that the plasmaphosphatase wlfich is present in normal children after the age of infancy is diminished or entirely disappears in tuberculous children. The severer the tuberculous lesions the more-likely I's this phenomenon to occur.

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RABBONI, F. Etuilibrioaeido-basieo nei tuberoolotiei trattati con l'aleoolizzazione dcr nervi intereostali seeondo Leotta. Riv. di Datol. e Clin. della Tubercolosi, 1933, 7, 692. The writer records 15 cases of pulmonary tuberculosis in patients aged from 17 to 50, in whom he investigated the acid-base equilibrium after alcobolization of the intercostal nerves according to Leotta's method. He always found a slight gas acidosis present characterised by increase of the a[kalhm reserve, dhninution of the pH of tile plasma and urine, and increase of the ammonia in the urine. He attributes these changes to the state of impaired function of the lungs following alc0holisation of the intercostal nerves. TONIETTI, F., and FEGIZ, G.L. Sulla possibilit~ di rcndere pi~. sensibile la diagnosi dt tuberoolosl celia inoculazione in carla. Lotta conlro la T~lbercotosi, 1933, 4, 617. In order to shorten the time required for the test the writers endeavoured to render guinea-pigs inoculated with suspected material more sensitive by injecting them with 89 c.e. of old tuberculin three times a week. They found that after use of this method the guinea-pigs developed symptoms of tuberculosis earlier than control animals when they were injected with suspensions of tubercle bacilli or sputum containing these organisms. In animals inoculated with sterile pleural fluid this method revealed changes in the glands as early as 19 to 15 days after inoculation. I~ABBONI, F., and MALAT0, M. I1 comportamento dei leueoeiti nella tubercolosi polmonare eurata con il metodo Leotta. L o t t a centre let T u b e r . colosi 1933, ,t, 864. The writers examined the blood in 9,0 cases of puhnonary tuberculosis which had undergone alcoholisation of the intercostal nerves by Leotta's method. Their results were as follows : (1) The progressive improvement in the local and general condition was accom.panied by a diminution of the neutrophils and a corresponding increase of the lympbocytes, monocytes and eosinophils. The Arneth scheme showed a