1008 must immediately give notice to a constable, who is to report to the local inspector and to the Director of the Veterinary Department of the Boa...

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1008 must immediately give notice to a constable, who is to report to the local inspector and to the Director of the Veterinary

Department of the Board of Agriculture. Inspectors have authority to resort to prompt action when they suspect the existence of rabies ; and the local authority may, if it is considered necessary, warn the public by placard of the existLocal authorities ence of the disease at any particular place. other regulations they may deem requisite for may issue any the muzzling of dogs or keeping them in control ; also for prohibiting the movement of animals affected with rabies, for cleansing places where they have been, for disposal of carcases, and for the production of licence and the names and ddresses of

owners. ___





of the medical session of St. Vincent’s

Hospital, Dublin, the lecturer, Dr. McHugb, propounded the suggestion of the advisability of institutina" systematic courses of instruction in the wards of hospitals to’ replace in great that which is still carried on in the old scholastic He urged also upon all students not to defer acquaintance with clinical work until they had perfected themselves in anatomy and physiology. but maintained that clinical instruction should go on pari _paqs?t, with scientific studies, the growth of which was tending to draw students away from the source of their purely professional knowledge. We fear rather that the latter suggestion would not work well in practice, but we cordially sympathise with Dr. McHugh’s desire to make clinical teaching more thorough and systematic. Dr. Myles, who proposed a vote of thanks to the lecturer, feared that the proposal to transfer the teaching of medicine and surgery from school to hospital would not be acceptable, since it would tend to lower the general average of teaching power now concentrated in the few selected for their special qualifications as teachers. Mr. Tobin, however, who seconded the motion, contrasted the advantages of bedde instruction with that given in the lecture theatre. measure


LONDON SLAUGHTER-HOUSES. LAST week the Public Health Committee of the London

County Council sat as the licensing authority for London slaughter-houses and cowsheds. Licences for these premises are granted annually, and there is thus opportunity for the committee to deprive any person of his licence who has failed to comply with their requirements. During the last year the London County Council has adopted new by-laws for slaughterresult, a number of butchers have been found it impossible, to meet the demands of unwilling, these by-laws and have not made application for the renewal of their licences; the butchers, in fact, have learnt that they can obtain their meat supplies at the Metropolitan Meat Market, and that fresh meat is procurable from Scotland or other parts of the country, and again, the large quantities of dead meat which come from abroad, especially the colonies, have rendered less necessary the killing of animals in London. The St. James’s Gazette contains this week an interesting article on the subject of meat-supplies to London, in which it is shown that farmers are increasingly adopting the practice of killing their cattle and sending the carcasses to the meat salesmen. It is admitted, however, that there is one serious objection to a general system of farm slaughter-houses-viz., that it does not give the opportunity for meat inspection which is thought to be necessary. This question of meat inspection is one which has attained less prominence in England than in many continental countries, but it cannot be long before communities will have to consider whether they must adopt some method which will prevent the sale of unwholesome meat. If bovine tuberculosis be alone considered there is already reason for the adoption of a system to ensure that the purchaser is made houses, and,


as a

that the flesh he is buying is not that of a wholly It is impossible for meat to be properly sound animal. in while animals are killed in some 600 London inspected different places. The suggestion made in the St. James’s Gazette deserves consideration, viz., that public slaughter. houses should be provided in different parts of the countryat Cambridge, for instance, not far from the Eastern counties’ farms -where animals could be killed without undergoing the fatigue and terrors incident upon their conveyance to London. aware


THE HEALTH OF WINDSOR. WE note with satisfaction that during the last six months the death-rate of the borough of Windsor has been as low as 10 ’8 per 1000, and that during the month of September there has been no death within the borough from diarrhoea It is now some years or any of the zymotic diseases. since we felt it our duty to publish certain statements concerning the sanitary condition of the Royal boroughstatements which were in the first instance denied and subsequently were the cause of an inquiry by the Local Govern. ment Board. The report of the inspector entrusted with this duty vindicated the accuracy of our statements; it is therefore with the more satisfaction that we are able to return to the subject and to give publicity to the low deathrate of which Windsor can now boast.


system of firing which formed the subject of


investigation by THE LANCET Analytical Sanitary Commission in the early part of the year, a full account of which appeared in our issue of March 5th, 1892, was the subject of a demonstration on Tuesday last at 100, Shaftesbury-avenue. Amongst those present were Sir Frederick Abel, Mr. Alderman Hammond, J. P., Sir Guyer Hunter, Sir Nathaniel Barnaby, Sir E. Reed, Professor W. H. Robinson, Professor W. Corfield, Mr. H. S. Foster, M.P., Mr. Ernest Spencer, M.P., and the Mayor of Bradford. In addition to the ordinary kitchen range, which was the subject of our report, the same principle has now been successfully applied to fires for dwelling-rooms, steam boilers and destructors. In view of the comprehensive account already alluded to it is hardly necessary to describe the system further. Suffice it to say that the engineers and other experts present expressed their entire approval of the device. The stove burns the commonest kinds of coal, produces little or no soot, and is so constructed that the smoke first produced is forced to pass through an incandescent mass by which the temperature necessary for its complete destruction or combustion is attained. INSANITARY HOUSES. WE commented last week with



on a

heavy penalty imposed upon the owner of a house who had neglected to obey the order of a vestry requiring him to put it into a proper sanitary state of repair. We may now refer to the imposition of a penalty of .f:21 14s. upon the owner of six cottages in White-square, Clapham, for a similar offence. We are convinced that the punishment awarded by the magistrate in these cases will have a salutary influence upon the owners of other insanitary property. We have also before us the fact that the owner of a house in Harleyfordroad, Kennington Oval, was fined for allowing the premises to be in a state dangerous to health. He had been unable to recover possession owing to a room in the house being occupied by a woman and her two children who would The windows pay no rent, and who refused to go out. and doors had been removed and eventually the sanitary authority had to intervene. An order was made for the closing of the house, Again, onSaturday lat