THE EDITORS’ PERSPECTIVES
January 2017 • Volume 180
The Journal celebrates 85 years — Monica L. Helton, BA — William F. Balistreri, MD
Infection and inflammation are associated with long-term morbidities — Sarah S. Long, MD
Copyright © 2017 by Elsevier Inc.
he first issue of The Journal of Pediatrics rolled off the presses in 1932 as the first official publication of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP; J Pediatr 1982;101:1-4). However, in 1948, the AAP introduced Pediatrics, and The Journal of Pediatrics became an independent, nonsociety journal—a status it has held ever since. Being a proprietary journal means that we do not have a built-in subscriber base, so we never take for granted the continued support of our authors, reviewers, and readers. Prompted by an unsolicited report submitted by Hellems et al reflecting on the first 75 years of The Journal (J Pediatr 2009;155:16-20.e1), we published two editorials providing a behind-the-scenes look from the perspective of the editor and the publisher (J Pediatr 2009;155:3-5 and 6-7). After 85 years, The Journal has continued to follow our mission: “Through a rigorous process of evaluation and peer review, The Journal of Pediatrics strives to publish pediatric research of the highest value for a diverse audience of pediatric healthcare professionals” (http://www.jpeds.com/content/aims). Although some aspects of publishing have changed (eg, mobile apps, online innovations, clinical trials registration), our foundation remains strong and we appreciate your support. Over the years, we have received and published countless articles “to inform immediate care decisions, deepen knowledge, and advance further scientific discovery to improve the quality of care and the health of infants, children, and adolescents” (http://www.jpeds.com/content/aims). To provide just a sampling of high impact clinical practice articles that have been published in The Journal over the past 85 years, throughout the year we will highlight a number of articles. Please follow us on Twitter (https://twitter.com/jpediatr) to rediscover these important articles, joining the conversation by tweeting your thoughts, reminiscences, and comments regarding articles that have been useful or meaningful to you, your practice, and your research. Cheers to another 85+ years!
wo studies published in this volume of The Journal investigate potential causes of two major morbidities of survivors of extreme premature birth—bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and cognitive impairment. The first, reported by Lapcharoensap et al, is a retrospective population-based cohort study using the California Perinatal Quality Care Collaborative database. Investigators compared incidence of BPD (ie, requirement for oxygen at 34-36 weeks’ postmenstrual age) with that of hospital-associated bloodstream or central nervous system infection during time periods of decreasing hospital-associated infections (HAIs; 2011-2013 vs 2006-2010) in infants born before 30 weeks’ gestational age and <1500 g. Including almost 23 000 infants from 129 hospitals, they found significant reductions over time in incidence of HAI from 25% to 15%, and BPD from 35% to 30%. They calculated that an 8% decrease in BPD rates is likely attributable to reductions in the HAIs studied. In the second study, Kuban et al report the physiologic events that could account for the California findings. They present the 10-year cognitive outcome of more than 900 children born before 28 weeks’ gestational age who were entered into the multicenter Extremely Low Gestational Age Newborn (ELGAN) Study in 2002-2004. They analyzed the association of elevated serum inflammation-related proteins in the first 4 weeks of life with neurocognition at 10 years of age. They found an association between