United States intelligence: An encyclopedia

United States intelligence: An encyclopedia

GOVERNMENT 372 INFORMATION QUARTERLY Vol. ~/NO. 3/1992 chapter offers an important analysis of the concepts surrounding issues of communication t...

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GOVERNMENT

372

INFORMATION

QUARTERLY

Vol. ~/NO. 3/1992

chapter offers an important analysis of the concepts surrounding issues of communication technologies, and the chapter reviewing the historical impact of the new technologies on government policy making is quite good. Where it fails the most, as would be expected, is when it tries to identify specific technologies or directions that will dominate the policy making scene in the future. Already, just three years after its publication, some of these predictions have been made obsolete by further innovation in the industry. Telecommunications in the Age of Information could be viewed as a practical companion to Critical Connections. The report gathers together analyses and specific recommendations to What is refreshing, especially coming improve the nation’s “telecommunication infrastructure.” from an administration that has made no secret of its pro-business policies, is the report’s attention to the social and political implications of its suggestions. It even devotes a good deal of attention to the issue of “universal access,” perhaps emphasizing that this social necessity deserves at least as much attention as the international competitiveness of U.S. corporations. Strongly technical in its approach, it should nonetheless be read by those interested in social and political policy implications of the new technologies. * John A. Shuler is Department Head, Documents, Maps, and Microforms, Case Library at Colgate University, Hamilton, New York 13346.

United States Intelligence: An Encyclopedia. Edited by Bruce W. Watson, Susan M. Watson, and Gerald W. Hopple. New York: Garland Publishing, Inc., 1990, 792+ pages, $95.00. ISBN O-8240-37 13-8 (alk. paper), LC 89-28206. Reviewed

by Thomas A. Stave*

The United States intelligence community and its activities in the post-World War II period are the subject of this useful new reference source. The compilers have assembled consensus de~nitions of some 2,500 terms used in foreign and military intelligence, supporting their definitions with references to works consulted. Where authorities disagree, those departures have been noted. Most entries are short paragraphs that define or identify events, methods, slang Approximately 150 short expressions or jargon, technological terms, or organizations. biographies discuss important figures, and occasional national entries treat events in particular countries. The work is elevated beyond a mere glossary by the inciusion of several dozen lengthier treatments of major organizations (e.g., “National Security Agency” and “Defense InteIligence Agency”) or more activities (e.g., “Congressional Oversight” and “Economic Intelligence”). A systematic reading of these sections could provide a basic introduction to the general subject. The reference value of the work is increased by helpful appendixes, including a glossary of acronyms, a listing of major U.S. and foreign weapons systems, a chronology, and a compilation of relevant major legislation, executive orders, and National Security Decision Directives (NSDDS). The now famous Boland Amendment is here, for example, as well as NSDD 84, which authorized polygraph testing of Federal employees with security clearances. There is no index, but entries are amply furnished with cross-references. The bibliography includes standard works, but is rich in obscure but promising lesser-known items, with an emphasis on military sources. On the whole, the treatment of subjects is objective and balanced, though flawed by occasional gratuitous opinions. The work might have been reduced in size and cost had the compilers not repeated shorter entries verbatim in their longer sections, nor cited works in full bibliographic form after each entry. Repeated citations to works in the bibliography fill up better then one-

Reviews

373

third of this volume. This work is highly recommended for any library supporting intelligence activities, U.S. foreign policy, or recent policy history.

research

* Tom Stave is Head, Documents Department, University of Oregon Library,

97403.

Eugene, Oregon

in

Vital and Health Statistics Series: An Annotated Checklist and Index to the Publications of the “Rainbow Series.” Compiled by Jim Walsh and A. James Bothmer. Greenwood Press, 1991. 388 pages. ISBN o-313-27260-3. LC 91-18077. Reviewed by Barbara L. Van Nortwick* This outstanding reference book fills a long-recognized gap in accessing the A-D series of reports first published by the U.S. National Health Survey in 1958 and series 1-6, 10-16, and 20-24, first published by the National Center for Health Statistics in 1963. A total of 853 reports, known as “The Rainbow Series,” has been compiled, indexed, annotated, and brought together in one source containing standard bibliographic and supplemental information to enhance their reference, interlibrary loan, cataloging, and acquisition. The reports are arranged first by series, and then by report number within each series beginning with a cover sheet with general information about the series. The compilers provide the user with a Preface which gives a brief overview of the National Center for Health Statistics and a seven-page User Guide as well as user-friendly Author, Title and Subject Indexes. The User Guide contains a section which tells the user how to obtain copies of any of the Vital and Health Statistics Series reports through the GPO depository libraries, the National Center for Health Statistics, the Government Printing Office, or the National Technical Information Service (NTIS). Since each report is listed by the report entry number, the series number or letter, the individual report number within a particular series, the complete title of the report, the author(s) of the report, the date of publication or reprint, the Superintendent of Documents number, the Monthly Catalog number, the American Statistics Index abstract number, the GPO stock number, the NTIS order number, the Library of Congress CatalogCard Number (LCCN), the ISBN, OCLC, and U.S. government report numbers, as well as an abstract, the user should have no difficulty locating the desired material. All in all, this volume follows its six predecessors in the “Bibliographies and Indexes in Medical Studies” series with the same tradition of excellence. It should find a welcome home on the reference shelves in most medical and health sciences collections. * Barbara L. Van Nortwick is the Government Documents and Social Sciences Library, Skidmore College, Saratoga Springs, New York 12866.

Librarian,

Lucy Scribner